Tehran from a political and social point of view:
Visit the capital and the most populated city of Iran with Shemiran Gasht‘s Tehran tour. With a population of about 8,693,706 people, it is the 24th most populous city in the world and the most populous city in West Asia. This city is located in the center of Tehran province and consists of 3 central parts, Ken, Aftab. Tehran is the largest city and capital of Iran with an area of 730 square kilometers. Tehran metropolis is also the second most populated metropolis in the Middle East. Tehran is the political and administrative center of Iran. This old city prospered from the Qajar period and now it has a large population from all the cities of the country. The symbol of Tehran is Azadi Tower. The Milad Tower is another symbol of Tehran. Its neighbors are Shemiranat, Karaj, Damavand, Varamin, Ray, Islamshahr and Shahryar. Tehran is a city with a variety of ethnic groups, but its foreign population is small. As the largest Persian-speaking city in the world, most of the people of Tehran are Persians, and most of the people of this city are officially Muslim and Twelve Imam Shia. Due to being the capital city and the concentration of political and economic foundations in it, Tehran, compared to other cities of Iran, was earlier with architecture. Navin met. This familiarity started during the Qajar era and especially the era of Naser al-Din Shah, but in practice, it was during the Pahlavi era that aspects of modern life came out of the court fence and the royal citadel and changed the face of the city. Tehran, the capital of Iran, is one of the cities that There are many tourist attractions in it. From parks and old palaces to beautiful gardens.
The Tehrani dialect is one of the dialects of the Persian language, which is usually considered the standard dialect in Iran, and this dialect is used in Iranian spoken media (except local media). Also, this dialect is used in the teaching of Persian language in non-Persian speaking countries. The Tehrani dialect in its current form has been created since the Qajar period and is different from the dialect of the natives of Tehran. The old Tehrani accent still exists in areas like Shemiran, but it is in danger of being destroyed.
Tehran is an international city. In the last hundred years, most of the important historical events of Iran took place in Tehran, and the monuments, museums, parks and other tourist places of Tehran are considered important attractions. Tehran’s sightseeing places are out of number and naming each one of them is a time-consuming and difficult task. But some places are known as the symbol of Tehran, which is not a bad thing to visit in the Tehran sightseeing tour of Shemirangasht, visit them: Milad Tower, Azadi Tower, Golestan Palace, Grand Bazaar, Tabiat Bridge, Chitgar Lake.
Tehran from the point of view of history:
Tehran has a long history and archaeologists believe that life in this area dates back to the Neolithic era. In 2013, a human skeleton was found in Molvi area of Tehran, belonging to about 7,000 years ago; In 2014, another skeleton along with stone tools was found near the same place. A number of researchers believe that “Ran” means range, and therefore Tehran and Shemiran mean upstream and downstream. Some have come to the conclusion that the location of this city was the reason for its name; Tehran is surrounded by mountains and Tehran is located in a depression. So it is called “Te Ran”. Tehran, which was one of the functions of Ray city, was chosen by Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar as the new capital of Iran and the Qajar dynasty in 1024. Before this change, Tehran was only a small village between the two cities of Shemiranat and Ray, where the pilgrims of Abd al-Azim Hosni’s shrine (pbuh) used to stop to rest. Little by little, the face of Tehran changed with the expansion of the city and the construction of mosques, Tehran Grand Bazaar, schools and royal palaces. Tehran had a gate for the first time during the Safavid period. During his reign, Shah Tahmasab Safavi, due to his special interest in Tehran and its clean climate, had ordered to build a citadel around the city of Tehran and build six gates on it.
Tehran from the point of view of weather:
Tehran leads from the north to the mountainous areas, and from the south to the desert areas, as a result, the climate is different in the south and the north. The northern regions have a cold and dry climate and the southern regions have a hot and dry climate. Due to its favorable climate and abundant water, Tehran is usually a green area and in the old geographical sources it is mentioned about the dense trees and gardens of Tehran. Despite the long history of horticulture in Tehran, the first famous gardens of Tehran appeared during the Safavid era and then during the Qajar era, during the reign of Fath Ali Shah. During the era of Naser al-Din Shah Qajar, important changes were made in the way of horticulture in the capital, and modern horticulture entered Tehran after the nobility encountered its European style and hired foreign gardeners. Also, Tehran is famous for its plane trees.
Tehran from the point of view of tourism:
Tehran is considered one of the most important tourist centers of Iran and this city has a series of tourist attractions including its palaces and museums. Azadi Square and Tower, Milad Tower, Nature Bridge and Golestan Palace are important tourist attractions of Tehran. There are a number of large museums in Tehran that, in total, deal with a wide range of subjects. For example, the National Museum of Iran is distinguished in the archeology of Iran, the Carpet Museum of Iran displays the art of Iranian carpet weaving, and the Contemporary Art Museum of Tehran also keeps the works of internationally renowned artists. The gardens of Tehran. Tehran has been one of the most important cities in the Middle East in the field of tourism by attracting 1.64 million tourists in 2016. Tehran has two international airports, Mehrabad and Imam Khomeini, which are among the most frequented airports in Iran. Masoudiyeh Building, Chitgar Horror Park Safari, Bayat Bridge, Ferdous Garden, Tehran Bird Garden, Milad Tower, Tehran Klugan Waterfall, Tehran Darband, Golestan Museum Palace, Saad Abad Palace and Niavaran Palace are among the sightseeing places of Tehran.
Introducing some attractions and places to see in Tehran:
Golestan Palace: Tehran is one of the most unique historical complexes in Iran with an age of more than 440 years. Applying the name of Golestan to this complex has its roots in the foundation of a hall called “Golestan”, which was one of the buildings of the reign of Agha Muhammad Khan Qajar, which was completed in 1216 AH during the reign of Fath Ali Shah Qajar. This palace has undergone changes from the Safavid era to the modern era. Although the foundation of Golestan Palace dates back to the era of Shah Abbas Safavid in the year 998 AH and with the construction of four gardens inside the fence of Shah Tahmasb and later and during the time of Shah Suleiman Safavid (1078-1109 AH) with the construction of a court in the same The area of Shah Abbasi’s Sycamore plantation was formed, but today there are no traces of those foundations; And the existing possessions of Golestan Palace are limited to a part of the works and buildings from the Zandiye period and do not go beyond that. Golestan Palace was registered as a human heritage by UNESCO on July 2, 2013 and at the 37th annual meeting of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee in Phnom Penh, the capital of Cambodia. This palace is one of the palaces of the Zandiyeh and Qajar periods, which is located in the center of Tehran. Among the buildings in the palace, you can mention Shams-ul-Amara, Hall of Salam, Hall of Mirrors, Marble Throne, Hozkhaneh, Abyez Palace, Khlot Karimkhani, Badgir Mansion, Ivory Hall, Almas Hall, Berlian Hall, Hozkhaneh of Badgir Mansion. The buildings that used to be in the Golestan Palace include the Inner Mansion, the Naseri Dormitory, the Hall of the Forgiven Khaghan, the Exit Building, the Treasury Building and the Royal Darkhaneh Wardrobe, Takhey Davalt, and the Gate of Naqarakhane. Shemiran Gasht, provider of all kinds of domestic and foreign tours, invites you to participate in the Golestan Palace tour in Tehran.
Tehran Nature Bridge: It is a two-story pedestrian and non-vehicular bridge located in Abbas Abad, Tehran. This bridge, which is one of the symbols of Tehran, crosses the Modares highway and connects Taleghani Gardens in the east and Water and Fire in the west.
Milad Tower of Tehran: It is the name of a multi-purpose telecommunication tower located in the northwest of Tehran, the capital of Iran. With a height of 435 meters, this tower is the tallest tower in Iran, the sixth tallest telecommunication tower in the world, and the 19th tallest unsupported structure in the world.
Klugan Waterfall: It is one of the beautiful seasonal waterfalls located on the road between the two villages of Klugan and Emameh, which is considered one of the natural tourist attractions around Tehran due to the very scenic route and the height of the waterfall. Klugan Waterfall is about 500 meters inside a There is a sub-valley where the waterfall cannot be seen until you enter the valley.
Masoudieh Mansion: It is a historical building related to the Qajar period, located in Baharestan Square in Tehran. This work has been registered as one of Iran’s national works. The garden of the Masoudiya mansion was built by Masoud Mirza, the ruler of Isfahan, nicknamed Zalul Sultan, the son of Naseruddin Shah.
Saad Abad Historical Cultural Complex: It is a collection of mansions and palaces that was built in Darband, the northernmost and most pleasant region of Elvand, on a land of 110 hectares. This complex has about 180 hectares of natural forest, fountains, aqueducts, gardens, greenhouses and streets.
Darband: It is one of the neighborhoods of Tehran, one of the old villages of Shemiran, in the north of Bagh Saadabad. Darband neighborhood is one of the cool and touristic areas of Tehran. Based on the surveys conducted, Darband is the first choice of Tehrani citizens for receiving foreign and city guests, followed by Fasham, Lavasan, Derke and Farahzad.
Chitgar Lake: or Martyrs Lake of the Persian Gulf is an artificial lake that is located in the northwest of Tehran. The area of this lake is 130 hectares, and in the vicinity of it, 120 hectares of recreation complex has also been created on land. The source of water supply is the Ken river lake and due to the closed cycle and isolation of its water transmission system, no other water enters the seasonal floods and also feeds the underground water table.
Niavaran Palace: Niavaran Palace is located in the northeast of Niavaran Garden and next to a village called “Gorde Wei” or “Gorde Be” and its area is about eleven hectares. Niavaran Palace was the summer residence of the Shah family. This palace is one of the tourist places in Tehran. The construction of this palace was started by the order of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi in 1337 and was completed in 1346.
Tehran Bazaar: Despite the new shopping centers in the city, Tehran Bazaar, as an old market located in the center of the city, still has high economic importance in Tehran and the country.
National Jewelry Museum of Iran-Tehran: It is one of the most attractive places to visit in Tehran and Iran. In this museum, royal jewels from the Safavid, Afshar, Qajar and Pahlavi periods are displayed. There are famous jewels such as “Sea of Light Diamond”, “Naderi Necklace”, “Farah Pahlavi” crown, “Kyani” crown, “Jeweler’s Ball”, “Peacock Throne”, “Naderi Throne” and… in this museum.
“Vashi” waterfall and gorge of Firuzkoh: “Vashi” waterfall and gorge is located in Tehran province, 17 km from Firozkoh city and 10 km from Jalizjand village. The approximate height of the gorge waterfall is 15 meters, which is located in the second gorge “Vashi”. Walk to the end of the second gorge.
“Douqlo” waterfall in the north of Tehran: the name of this waterfall is due to the bifurcation of the water when it falls, this waterfall is one of the series of seasonal and eye-catching waterfalls of the capital and with a height of 2700 meters above sea level and in the boundaries of Shemiranat city, which is in a pristine and beautiful nature. The climbing “Darband” to “Resort” is located at a height of 20 meters, which attracts viewers with its exemplary calmness. It is enough to reach this waterfall, by metro, “B. R. T” or take your taxi to Tajrish Square and then drive to the “Darband” mountain climbing route along the “Darband” street and the “Darband” river and hike to the “Resort” for about 2.5 hours. Under the shelter of “Shirpla” you will reach a beautiful waterfall, which is created by the melting of the snows of Alborz mountain range. Above “Shirpla” there are 2 famous springs “Narges” and “Farokhla”, which you can go to these springs if you wish. And take advantage of their refreshing water, although part of the route is difficult and requires equipment.
“Rud Afshan” cave: “Rud Afshan” cave, which was registered in the National Monuments of Iran on July 30, 2004 with number 12213, is located on the axis of Tehran-Firouzkoh and 103 km from Tehran, and access to it is currently possible through the village of “Sydabad”. . “Rudafshan” cave with a diameter of 100 meters has one of the largest cave mouths in the country, which is hidden in the rocks and is very difficult to find. This cave is located in “Rudafshan” village of Damavand city and it is 62 km away from Firuzkoh city. One of the unique features of the “Rudafshan” cave compared to other caves in the country is that there are limestone lanterns hanging from the ceiling of the cave.
List of entertainment and tourism attractions in Tehran:
old Tehran :
Circulation and green space:
Registration of participation in Tehran sightseeing tour